TYPES OF FIBROSIS: HEPATIC
Liver fibrosis (cirrhosis) is a condition characterized by scar tissues and nodules that replace liver tissue and disrupt normal liver function.
As scar tissue accumulates, liver function worsens. When cirrhosis is advanced, the liver no longer works properly.
Symptoms of cirrhosis do not arise until the damage is extensive.
At this point, it may cause a wide range of symptoms, including easy bleeding and bruising, fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), ascites (fluid accumulation in the abdomen), weight loss, itchy skin, nausea, swelling in the legs, disorientation, drowsiness, slurred speech, and the development of spider-like vessels underneath the skin surface.
Cirrhosis is typically caused by alcoholism, fatty liver disease, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C.
It can also occur as a result of scleroderma.
Treatment of liver cirrhosis depends on underlying case and the stage of the disease.
However, the general goal is to slow the progression of the disease and alleviate symptoms. When cirrhosis is in an advanced stage, a liver transplant may be the only option.